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What Is Stress? 

Stress can be defined as a chain of biological responses to a specific condition. These organic responses involve an identifiable disturbance on our physical, reasoning, and attitude. In this digital era, almost everybody is busy with life issues.


People indulge themselves in different kinds of tasks daily and other activities which expose them to physical, emotional, psychological, psychosocial, and most times Psycho-spiritual stress.

All these different types of stress will be discussed later in this article.

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Although, not all stress is bad. Stress can be normal if it is not overwhelming, recurring, or unmanageable. 

However, if stress finally becomes more than our capacity to cope with it positively, it results in pressure. When stress passes this point, the person is exposed to chronic tendencies of stress, and at this point, the person is advised to quickly see his doctor for assistance.

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What are the types of stress?

There are different types of stress and these include the following :

*Psychological Stress.

*Physical Stress.

*Psycho-Social Stress.

*Psycho-Spiritual Stress.


What is Psychological Stress?


Psychological Stress is caused by fear, frustration, sadness, a series of emotional resentments,  bereavement, and even anger. Psychological stress involves distortions in the person’s reasoning or mental health.

However, when worry is prolonged, there is a feeling of unworkable perfectionism and this can cause a shift in concentration at work, resulting in Cognitive Stress.

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What is Physical Stress?


Engaging in strenuous physical and musculoskeletal activities can lead to physical stress.

When the intensity of physical labor, environmental pollution, and food allergies are very high it can lead to physical Stress. Most times, fatigue-induced illness, hormonal imbalance, and biochemical changes can also cause Physical Stress. Certain factors such as age, pregnancy, etc, can also make someone susceptible to Physical Stress.


What is Psychosocial Stress?


Most times, factors of physical Stress and psychological Stress can cause psychosocial Stress. Lack of social support, lack of resources, or bankruptcy can lead to psychosocial Stress especially if the person is having a discarded family, problems in marriage or relationship issues, etc. These can aggravate stress to a chronic level.


What is Psycho-spiritual Stress?


This occurs when there is a clash of values and misalignment within somebody’s core spiritual beliefs.

 Psycho-spiritual stress is mostly noticed by the mood of self-criticism, self-loathing, and anxiety over an unworkable perfectionism.


What is the cause of Stress? 

Causes of work stress include:


— Negative issues at the workplace.

— Being unhappy in your job

— Excessive workload.

—  Too many obligations.

— Laboring long hours.

— Possessing poor surveillance.

— Unspecific probabilities of your work.

— Functioning under hazardous conditions.

— Being insecure about your chance for growth or threat of termination.

— Having to give speeches in front of colleagues

— Encountering prejudice or harassment at the workplace. primarily if your organization isn’t supporting it.


Life stresses can also have a big impact. 

Cases of life stresses are:


— The demise of a cherished one.

—  Divorce.

— Loss of employment.

— Incredible financial obligations.

— Marriage.

— Chronic illness or pain

— Emotional difficulties, e.g. depression, distress, wrath, suffering, sorrow, poor self-esteem.

— Putting up with the care of an aged or unhealthy family member.

— Traumatic Stress event, such as a natural catastrophe, robbery, assault, or chaos against you or a cherished one.


How does stress affect the body?


When stress is prolonged, or when stress is at its chronic level, it can lead to psychosomatic or psychogenic illnesses.

These illnesses can extend to some vital body systems such as the cardiovascular, nervous, immune, respiratory, and digestive systems. Symptoms of these can include headaches, heart palpitations, nausea, anxiety, insomnia, allergies, asthma, etc

Sometimes, when stress is ineffectively managed, it takes a toll on the body.

Other common conditions that can be stimulated by stress are high blood pressure and gastrointestinal disturbances. 

Like I stated earlier in this article, little stressors stimulate the production of hormones for urgent use in the body. However, prolonged stress results in specific hormonal imbalances of the adrenal, pituitary, thyroid, etc, in the body. 

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How can we  Cope With Stress in Modern Life?


–Identify your stress triggers: 

The first step to beating stress is to identify the cause of the stress. 

Sometimes, a physical event may be responsible for your stress symptoms; otherwise, you may need the help of your primary care doctor or counselor to uncover the root cause of your stress.


–Do not be embarrassed to ask for help:

A problem discussed is a problem half solved.” Besides, the sooner you get help, the better for you to feel better. Always feel free to talk to friends, family, or spiritual or personal advisers, when you cannot cope with or cannot identify a source or solution for your stress.

–Always socialize: 

Stress and Anti-social tendencies annexed wracks you psychologically. A perfect way to alleviate yourself from the burden of anxiety, self-criticism, and self-loathing is to get social with friends and loved ones. 

Those giggles and chuckles are valuable circuit breakers to the flow of stress. Share a meal, a couch as well as your attention. 

Social moments rejuvenate your cognition and get your cardiovascular at ease again.


–Avoid the use of stimulants: 

People often resort to alcohol, caffeine, and cocaine just to get their heads in the wind after a stressful event. 

The use of stimulants is not only ephemeral but detrimental to your nervous system. 

Try as much as you can to stay away from drug abuse during stress. If I may suggest, natural intakes such as a chilled smoothie are quite some shots to help you stay relaxed.


–Get enough sleep and exercise

A brilliant way to get around stress is to sweat more or sleep more. 

Skimping sleep can affect your mood, comportment, and concentration. 

In place of exercise, set daily achievable goals for yourself or compose a checklist of chores and achieve them.

More so, stressful events tend to make us insomniac; this is because of a consequent distortion of melatonin production in the brain. Melatonin acts as the body’s natural clock. 

It puts the body into a mood for sleep by changing how the body responds to darkness, helping it enter a rhythm of nighttime drowsiness. 

Taking Melatonin supplements is a natural way to improve sleep in people whose bodies do not produce enough of this hormone.


General Symptoms of stress:

When discussing symptoms of stress, we look into it in the following categories:


Cognitive symptoms:

These include the following:


— Problem of reasoning. This can also be called memory problems.

— Lack of concentration.

— Judging poorly.

— Negative thoughts.

— Anxiety or racing thoughts.

— Consistent worrying.


Emotional symptoms:

Under this are:


— Depression. 

— Unhappiness.

— Anxiety. 

— Agitation.

— Moodiness.

— Anger.

— Feeling overwhelmed.

— Loneliness and isolation.

— Etc.


Physical symptoms:

Physical symptoms of stress include the following:


— Dizziness.

— General body pain

— Diarrhea.

— Nausea.

— Constipation.

— Accelerated heartbeat.

— Loss of urge for sex.

— Frequent feeling of colds/flu.


Behavioral Symptoms:

Behavioral symptoms of Stress include the following:


— Too much Eating or excessive appetite for food.

— Loss of appetite.

— Too much Sleeping.

— Inability to sleep.

— Withdrawal from people.

— Procreation.

—  Neglecting responsibilities.

— Alcohol Consumption.

— Using Drugs to relax.

— Smoking. 


Also read; How To Sleep During Pregnancy: The Best sleeping position In The First Trimester.

In conclusion, eat

 balanced diet:

Your diet is you. Food intake influences your daily performance. Avoid eating junk, refined sugars, and also staving. 

During stress, Vitamins B1, B2, B6, and B12 help support the healthy functioning of the nervous system. Since most sources of vitamin B12 are animal-based foods, vegan and vegetarian diets may use vitamin supplements to meet up their daily vitamin requirement.


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