How To Calculate Your Ovulation: All You Need To Know About Conception & Pregnancy.


A stage in a woman’s menstrual cycle when the egg (Ovum) is released from the woman’s Ovary is called Ovulation.

What is Ovulation?

Ovulation can be defined as a phase in a woman’s menstrual cycle which usually occurs at about the 14th day of a 28-day menstrual cycle. 

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When does Ovulation Occur?

Ovulation occurs every month around the 14th day of the menstrual cycle. 

During Ovulation, one of the ovaries in a woman starts to attend to maturation. This maturation is caused by follicle-stimulating Hormones.

Although, a fully mature egg is formed from only one of the developing follicles during the 10th day to the 14th day.

There is a sudden surge in luteinizing hormone which causes the ovary to release its egg at around the 14th day in your menstrual cycle. The egg commences its five-day journey via a thin, concave covering known as the fallopian tube to the uterus. As the egg is transiting via the fallopian tube, the level of progesterone, another hormone, rises, which helps prepare the uterine lining for pregnancy.

How To Calculate Your Ovulation date.

To calculate your ovulation date, you need to first of all work out your ‘average’ menstrual cycle length to enable you to calculate 

your most fertile days.

When you note the average length of your menstrual cycle, It will be easier to work out your ovulation date.

Ovulation occurs about 14 days before your period starts. 

Assuming your average menstrual cycle is 28 days, your ovulate date is around 28 divided by 2, And that is 14. Therefore your ovulation date is on day 14,  and your most fertile days are days 12, 13, and 14.

Assuming your average menstrual cycle is 30 days, your ovulation will occur around day 15 and your most fertile days are days 13,14, and 15,

Assuming you have shorter central cycles, of 21 days, your ovulation will occur around day 10 and your most fertile days are days 8, 9, and 10.

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Your most fertile days are the three days before your ovulation plus the day of your ovulation.


In some cases, some women experience irregular menstrual cycles and as a result, find it complicated to work out their average menstrual cycle length. 

Therefore,  it becomes hard for them to work out when their ovulation occurs.

In this case, having sex every 2-3 days encompasses all circumstances and improves your chance of getting pregnant.


Also, read this: How To Sleep During Pregnancy: The Best sleeping position In The First Trimester.

Other ways to help you work out your ovulating date are: 

Notice fluctuations in your vaginal mucus.

A few days before ovulation, the vaginal mucus becomes clearer, slick, and slippery, and feels a little bit like egg white.

This shows that ovulation is about to occur. 

This is the best time to have sex, as sperm travel more easily in this kind of mucus.

–Make use of an ovulation predictor kit.

You can buy a predictor kit from a superstore or pharmacy, and use it to test your urine for signs of ovulation. 

Assuming you test your urine a few days before the day you expect to ovulate next. You may have a positive result which means you are getting on to ovulating within the next 24 to 36 hours. In other words, you will ovulate in another one to two days.


How To Know When You are Ovulating.

To improve your chances of getting pregnant, you have to plan for sex at the right time, and this can only be done by calculating and knowing when you ovulate. Knowing when you ovulate can help you plan for sex at the right time.  

You can record your menstrual cycles on a calendar or a free period-tracker app on your mobile device. 


Also, read this: How To Prevent Stretch Marks during pregnancy

How to know the length of your Menstrual Cycle.

To know the length of your menstrual cycle, jot down the first day of your period, in other words, the first day you start bleeding/ menstruating. 

This is day 1. 

The last day of your menstrual cycle is the day before your next period commences.


How does conception occur?

Conception emerges when a sperm cell from a fertile man swims up via the vagina and into the uterus of a woman and fuses with the woman’s egg cell as it transits down one of the fallopian tubes from the ovary to the uterus.


As the fertilized egg proceeds to travel down the fallopian tube, it proceeds to divide into two cells, then four cells, then more cells as the division go on. After a week the sperm has fertilized the egg, the fertilized egg has moved to the uterus and has evolved into a maturing cluster of about a hundred cells called a blastocyst.


This blastocyst then fastens itself to the lining of the uterus (this is called the endometrium). This process of attachment is known as Implantation. 

The endometrium thickens, after the release of certain hormones such as Estrogen and Progesterone. These provide the nutrients the blastocyst needs to develop and finally evolve into a baby.


As cells persist to split up or divide, they develop into the baby while some form the placenta which is the nourishment and oxygen supply structure.

The body gets signals from the hormones that are released to let the body know that the baby is growing inside the uterus. 

Uterus also received signals from the hormones to maintain its lining rather than shedding it. This simply implies that the w a does not menstruate that month.

This is the first way a woman knows she is pregnant.

When does pregnancy occur?


Pregnancy occurs when you have sex five days be re ovulation or on the day of ovulation. It can also occur five days after your ovulation day. 

You should note that the most fertile day is the ovulation day plus or minus three days. Having sex during this period provides you with the best chances of getting pregnant.


What are the chances of getting pregnant?


The chances of getting pregnant can increase if you have sex very close to the time of Ovulation


If you have sex six days or more before your ovulation date, the chances of you getting pregnant are virtually zero.


If you have sex five days before your ovulation day, your possibility of pregnancy is about 10 percent.

If you have sex on the day of ovulation, or two days before your ovulation day, your likelihood of getting pregnant is about 40 percent.  

Although, these average numbers are dependent on a woman’s age.



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